Nisga'a Final Agreement

The Nisga'a people have lived in the Nass River Valley since time immemorial. In the late 1800s, when much of Nisga'a traditional territory was declared Crown land, the Nisga'a people began petitioning government to recognize our connection to and ownership of Nisga'a territory. In 1998, a signing ceremony at New Aiyansh signalled the completion of a quarter century of negotiations and the birth of the Nisga'a Final Agreement, British Columbia's first modern treaty.

A Nation Renewed

May 11, 2000, the Effective Date of the treaty, was a historic and triumphant day for the Nisga'a people. It marked the end of a 113-year journey-and the first steps in a new direction. On that day, the Indian Act ceased to apply to the Nisga'a people (except for the purpose of Indian registration) and, for the first time in modern history, the Nisga'a people had the legal authority to conduct our own affairs. The treaty ended the uncertainty regarding land ownership and has opened the door for joint economic initiatives in the development of the Nisga'a Nation's natural resources. It benefits all Canadians. News of the Nisga'a Final Agreement has traveled far beyond the Nass Valley-across British Columbia, Canada, and around the world. Governments and Aboriginal peoples are all watching the implementation of the treaty with keen interest.

The Nisga'a Final Agreement serves as an example. It demonstrates that governments and First Nations can, in good faith, work together to forge a more secure future for everyone.

Treaty & Legislation

Click one of the following links to learn more about the Nisga'a Final Agreement and legislation policies.